Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. It may be necessary for several reasons, including severe tooth decay, advanced gum disease, trauma, overcrowding, or to prepare for orthodontic treatment. The procedure can be performed on both primary (baby) teeth and permanent teeth. Dentists may recommend extraction when a tooth cannot be saved or poses a risk to your oral health. Depending on the complexity of the extraction, local anaesthesia or sedation may be used to ensure a comfortable experience. After the extraction, the dentist may provide instructions for proper aftercare and discuss tooth replacement options if needed.